IEEE PVSC 49
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SPLTRAK Abstract Submission
Reverse Energy Injustice On Molokai Island To The Underserved Communities With 100% Energy From The Sun (Light & Heat) For Energy Cost Savings Equity
John O Borland
J.O.B. Technologies, Aiea, HI, United States

The global carbon emission numbers continue to climb even with COVID-19 lockdowns in 2020 and 2021.  In May of 2021 CO2 level measured on Mauna Loa was up another 0.5% from 2020 to 419PPM.  To reverse this trend requires adopting the “Triple-D”; Decarbonize, Decentralize and Digitize.  The residential Net-Energy-Meter (NEM) solar program has been too successful with 1/3 of homes (~75K) with rooftop solar which accounts for 41% of Hawaii’s renewable clean energy and resulted in: 1) the utility stressed Duck Curve and 2) a severe “Energy Divide” with the less affluent communities left behind.  Hardest hit with energy injustice are low income families with an energy burden 7-20% of income, with Energy Justice and 80-90% savings their energy burden would be reduced to 1-2% of income, a significant relief when living pay-check to pay-check.  In Hawaii, the greatest energy insecurity and social inequity is on Molokai Island where a Civil Beat article on 9/22/2021 reported 62% are Native Hawaiian and many residents live without a connection to the grid because of the high electricity rates and connection fees.   The article quotes “When the sun sets on Molokai, hundreds of homes go dark. …forcing many families to choose between using power at night or feeding their children.”   To reverse energy injustice on Molokai to the underserved families, I’m proposing three solutions: 1) Grid-Tie homes: Solar+Storage Island-able Nano-Grid for 100% energy from the Sun (Light & Heat) and NEM Equivalent SavingsTM ($25/month).  2) Grid-Tie apartments and affordable housing without rooftop solar access: “Battery Only” or “Battery+Balcony-PV” using two-500W bi-facial panels to qualify for local State and Federal energy incentives with battery sizing (10-20-30 kWh) to meet 100% of the overnight energy needs.  3) Off-Grid homes using generators: Solar+Storage Island Nano-Grid and Nano-Grid Clusters with energy sharing.